What is the difference between short-term and long-term memory?
Short term memory is remembering events that occurred yesterday people that one ran into, or even remembering something that you have to take care of today such as a class assignment.
Long term memory is receiving information and storing for later use. Remembering things that happened months ago or longer. This is how we remember things that happened in school, or stories that we tell our kids about our lives before they were born
What did Donald Broadbent mean when he referenced “attention filters,” as related to encoding into short-term memory?
His meaning behind attention filters is that once information is given to the individual it passes though these grids, these grids decide if it is worth retaining or if it is something that can be forgotten
The idea that these filters came about when he created an experiment
where he gave a test subject information in the left ear, and different
information in the right. He then
deduced that one could only pay attention to only information that came from
one ear. Most everyone’s memory is like
a giant filing cabinet, depending on how important it is will determine how it
is filed in our brain (Broadbent 2008). (Broadbent, 2008`)
Broadbent, D. (2008, October 30). Donald Broadbent. Retrieved February 25, 2011, from New World Encyclopedia: http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Donald_Broadbent?oldid=842241.
Goodwin, C. J. (2008). A History of Modern Psychology. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley and Sons, Inc. .